Knights of Saint John Hospital witch called the Hospitallers, were in the beginning a group which cherished weary christian pilgrims at the Hospital of Saint John in Jerusalem. Afterward their internalisation as a military order, they carried on to run the hospital, which acquired them respect and prestige. Afterward the come down of Acre in 1291, they actuated first to Cyprus, and so to the island of Rhodes (Rhodos) in 1307, then Malta in 1522-23. Their symbol was primitively (1248) a white cross on black, altered in 1259 to a white cross on red.
The Templars order, or Poor Knights of the Temple of Solomon, were primitively a group which escorted and saved pilgrims while they were travelling through with the Seljuk acreses. They dwelt in a hostel close the Temple of Solomon, thence the name Templars. They had many estates in Europe, and once Acre fell in 1291, retired to their European estates, and got affected in banking and diplomacy, which attained them unpopular, pertinent where King Philippe the Just of France baked the Grand Master and two senior officers at the bet for alleged heresies. In 1312, Pope Clement V brought out a decree conquering the Order. Their symbol was a red cross on white.
Since to the anatomies of these crosses, the cross of the Hospitallers may have acquired into the current shape of the Maltese Cross, but since to the Knights Templar, and the earliest Hospitallers, I have found that the anatomies can be said to be extended Iron Crosses.
The 2 anatomies of crosses do not acquaint a case of development bod one to the extra. The extended Iron Crosses, the kind of matter that in the Templar case afforded advance to the Saint George Cross of England, were applied by both the Templars and the Hospitallers since their streamers and arms. I have not attain anything about the white-on-black to white-on-red alteration of the Hospitallers, but many arranges with some kind of ancestry from the Hospitallers apply the anatropous English flag in some anatomy to this day. At the equal time, both and so and at once, the eight-pointed Maltese, or Saint John, Cross was applied as a badge. It actually arose since the badge of the commonwealth of Amalfi, and rather maybe was not originally a cross, just an allegory built of 4 arrowheads. It was adoptive by the Brotherhood of the Hospital in Jerusalem (yet before the institution of the Order) when the merchandisers of Amalfi re-purchased the place of the hospital constituted approximately 600AD and reconstructed it. At the establishment of the Order (officially accredited in 1113), the monastics wore black gowns with the eight-pointed cross on the left boob. It seems adjust to empathise that the white cross on red was chiefly applied by the Knights of the Order in their military actions, and the eight-pointed cross whilst at the convent.
Without doubt the apply of the two symbols across the a lot of years since changed, and was most belike at a lot times not well delimitated, I guess, but there is many evidence of the apply of both on the time when the Order of Saint John had one of the firmest naval darts of the Mediterranean, once the apply of the eight-pointed, or as it got acknowledged, Maltese Cross on a red backdrop became more common as a flag. I approximate the modern Maltese civil ensign can be ascertained as a consequence of this.
Original call of the Templars was Pauperes commilitiones Christi templique Salomonici. The order was accomplished in 1119 by a group of 8 knights chaired by Hugue de Payns and Godefried de St. Omer in order to give bodyguard to pilgrims and just a few years lated king Baldwin II afforded them division of the royal castle which was Al-Aqsa mosque (called Solomon's Temple by the crusaders) on the temple backing which afforded the order its call.
Results of The Crusades
Hospitalers and Templars
The Cairo Geniza