The Right of Jurisdiction in The Feudal Age

Medieval society genetic laws and legal traditions from the Romans and from Barbarian societies, and during the Middle Ages some important legal gains were made. These resources try these faces of medieval law.

The smaller ecclesiastic courts were among the most essential law courts encountered by common English people in the Middle Ages, distributing the justice of medieval canon law in its criminal pretense.

The right of jurisdiction, which gave judicial power to the dukes and counts in cases arising in their domains, had no appeal save to the King himself, and this was even often contested by the nobles, as for instance, in the unhappy case of Enguerrand de Coucy. Enguerrand had ordered three young Flemish noblemen, who were scholars at the Abbey of "St. Nicholas des Bois," to be seized and hung, because, not knowing that they were on the domain of the Lord of Coucy, they had killed a few rabbits with arrows. St. Louis called the case before him. Enguerrand answered to the call, but only to dispute the King's right, and to claim the judgment of his peers.

The King, without taking any notice of the remonstrance, ordered Enguerrand to be locked up in the big tower of the Louvre, and was nearly applying the law of retaliation to his case. Eventually he granted him letters of pardon, after condemning him to build three chapels, where masses were continually to be said for the three victims; to give the forest where the young scholars had been found hunting, to the Abbey of "St. Nicholas des Bois" to lose on all his estates the rights of jurisdiction and sporting; to serve three years in the Holy Land; and to pay to the King a fine of 12,500 pounds tournois. It must be remembered that Louis IX., although most generous in cases relating simply to private interests, was one of the most stubborn defenders of royal prerogatives.

Battle of Dorylaeum

Dorylaeum (in Anatolia) was an ancient city. It is nowadays in ruins close the city of Eskisehir, in Turkey.

The city endured under the Phrygians but may have been much earlier. It was a Roman trading place, and a bishopric under the byzantiums. In 1071 (After the Battle of Manzikert) it was taken by the Seljuk.

Dorylaeum Location

Battle throughout the First Crusade that near ended in disaster for the crusaders. The Crusade was crossroad the inside of Anatolia, missing by the byzantine empire after the battle of Manzikert in 1071, in 2 separate pillars, almost disastrously far aside, with no general command. Furthermore, the terrain, a advanced plateau, was almost clear for the bright Turkish ridden archers, making it almost bitter for the Crusaders to take them. Around an hour into their marching on 1 July the left hand column under leading Bohemond found a Turkish forces, and formed up to fighting. However, before the Crusaders were full formed up, they were rounded and attacked from all faces by the whole army of Kilij Arslan, Seljuk (Sultan of Rum), likely 50,000 strong, although reported by the Crusaders at anywhere from 150,000 to 350,000. The entire Turkish army comprised of mounted archers, who attacked in swarms, without getting close to the Crusaders. Bohemond was unable to hold the Crusaders, some of whom charged out to attack the Turks, but were slaughtered. Over some hours of fighting, the Crusaders were pushed back into their camp, and it looked that they were needs going to be passed over. Fortunately, messengers had passed to the second column, and when Duke Godfrey came on the view, he found the Turks crowded in to a limited area around Bohemond's camp. He was thus capable to charge a lot of Turks, doing essential damage to the Turkish left and center. The morale of the Turkish regular army passed at this unexpected turn, and the people of the Turkish army flew the field. The second column had came just in time to forbid really heavy fatal accidents amongst Bohemond's column, and Kilij Arslan was unable to dispute the Crusaders over again, letting them free passage crosswise Anatolia. Even better, they managed to get the Turkish camp entire, and for a short period were free of supplying troubles.

The byzantine emperor (Manuel I) fortified Dorylaeum in 1175, but the Turks retaken it in 1176 afterwards the Battle of Myriokephalon. In 1240 it was captured by the Ottomans forces.

Charlemagne Facts

Charlemagne initially shared power with his brother, Carloman, that because Frankish law stipulated that all heritage was to be divided equally between sons. There was near war between the two men when Carloman died of a sudden in 771. From that point on, Charlemagne ruled alone.

King Charlemagne spent much of his rule at war. He stimulated himself the protector of the papacy, defeating the Lombards in Italy at the request of the Pope. He also engaged war against the Spanish, Moors, Saxons, Bavarians, Avars, and Slavs. With his rule, he got forced conversion to Christianity and thus started to merge European culture.

We can decide that we know much about Charlemagne because of a biography written about him shortly after his death. The writer, a monk named Einhard who had been in his serve, leaves a detailed description of Charlemagnes physical appearance Charles was large and strong, and of amazing stature, though not disproportionately tall (his tallness is well known to have been 7 times the length of his foot); the upper part of his head was around, his eyes very large and animated, nose a little long, hair fair, and face bright and merry.

Charlemagne thought that to effectively rule and bring Christianity to those he conquered, his people needed to be able to read and write. He brought many scholars from far and wide to his palace to make rectifies and reforms in education. It was under his rule that many Christian churches established schools for boys.

Charlemagne was a fable or legend even in his own lifetime, but his legend took on a life of its own after his death. In the famous Song of Roland (1130), a historically inaccurate by powerful huge poem, Charlemagne seems as a 200-year-old king who knows beyond mere mortals.