Shepherds Crusade 1320

A break movement occurred in May 1320 in Normandy, when a teenage shepherd claimed to have been visited by the Holy Spirit, which instructed him to argument the Moors in Spain. Alike to the 1251 crusade, this faction included commonly immature men, women, and children. They marched to Paris to ask Philip V to advantage them, but he refused to convene with them at all.

Instead they marched south to Aquitaine, attacking castles, majestic officials, priests, and lepers along the way. Their customary targets, however, were Jews, whom they attacked at Saintes, Verdun, Cahors, Albi, and Toulouse, which they reached on June 12. Pope John XXII, in Avignon, gave commands to cease them. When they eventually crossed into Spain, their attacks on the Jews were well-known, and James II of Aragon vowed to guard his citizens. At first they were prohibited from incoming the kingdom at all, but when they did enter in July, James warned all his nobles to make certainly the Jews were reserved careful.

As estimated the shepherds did bout some Jews, especially at the bastion of Montclus, where over 300 Jews were killed. James's son Alfonso was sent out to carry them under contain. Those responsible for the bloodbath at Montclus were arrested and executed. There were no added incidents and the crusade detached.

This "crusade" is seen as a revolt against the French dominion, fairly like the first Shepherds Crusade. Jews were seen as a emblem of royal power, as they were personally confined by the king both in France and in Aragon, and a badge of the royal budget as well, hated by deficient and closely taxed peasants. Only a few time previously, the Jews had been permitted to gain to France, after being debarred in 1306. Any debts allocated to the Jews were collected by the monarchy after their ejection, which doubtless also contributed to the peasant connection of the Jews with the king.

In 1321, King Philip fined those communities in which Jews had been killed. This led to a second revolt, this time among the city population, though later chroniclers imaginary the idea of a "cowherds' crusade," a second wave of the Shepherds' Crusade. Though this never occurred, there were, however, more attacks on Jews as a effect of the fines.

- Shepherds Crusade 1251
- First Crusade 1095-1099
Second Crusade 1147-1149
The Third Crusade
Fourth Crusade 1204