Chronology to the crusades


Chronology of the crusades (from Charemagne to the the capture of Acre by Muslims)

800
Charlemagne appointed emperor of western Christian empire by the Pope on Christmas day, 800 – (Gregorian Calendar)

955
Aelfric or Grammaticus c.955 1020, great English writer in Anglo Saxon period. - He wrote first Christian texts in English and wrote 'Lives of Saints', translated Latin religious works

960
Dunstan became Archbishop of Canterbury - d. 988

975
Clergy and feudal lords of south England fight against monks and yeomen of the north.

1027
Canute makes pilgrimage to Rome and returned 1029

1031
New Islamic state (Moors) establish kingdom in South Spain

1042Westminster Abbey founded

1054
Pope Leo IX excommunicates Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople. The schism between Greek and Roman churches is complete

1070
Stigand deposed and Lanfranc made Archbishop of Canterbury, He died in 1089 leaving a four years vacancy

1071
Turks (Muslims) establish power throughout Western Asia

1073
Gregory VII (Hildebrand) became Pope - d. 1085

1077
Henry IV, Western Emperor excommunicated by Pope Gregory VII

1085
Toledo retaken by Christians - Islam control in Spain declines

1095
First Crusade 1094-1099
1139
King Stephen arrested the Bishop of Salisbury (the Justiciar) and other bishops - Stephen
captured at Lincoln in 1141

1147
Second Crusade 1147-1149 (military of three kings of western Europe)

1154
Thomas Beckett became Chancellor

1154
Nicholas Breakspeare became Pope Adrian IV - he was the only English Pope 1154-
1159 - he issued Bull to Henry II for the conquest of Ireland

1161
Pope Innocent III (1161 - 1216) elected Pope 1198

1162
Thomas Beckett appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

1163
Beckett quarrelled with Henry II

1164
A code of ecclesiastical law drawn up - adopted by Beckett

1167
Louis VII of France gave shelter to Beckett

1170
Beckett is murdered at Canterbury

1170
Birth of Domingo de Guzman - died 1221 - he founded the Dominican Order - forerunner to the inquisitions

1189
Third Crusade 1189-1192 - The Jews lost their freedom when King Richard I persecutes them.

1190
William Longhamp became papal legate

1191
King Richard I arrived at Acre, Palestine - captures it

1191Geoffrey, Archbishop of York, expelled Longchamp
1198
Bishop of Lincoln successfully refused to pay money to support war with France and Innocent III – He became a Pope

1204
Fourth Crusade

1205
Archbishop Hubert Walter died

1206
Pope Innocent III (b.1161 as Lotario de Conti di Segni d.1216) - He made monks of
Canterbury elect - Stephen Langton became Archbishop of Canterbury

1208
King John refuses to receive Langton - England placed under an interdict by Pope Innocent III

In this year the dreaded inquisitions ordered by Pope Innocent III began - and the Albigensian

Crusade 1208-1229 began - Albigensians were cruelly annihilated by Roman Church mercenaries

1209
Pope Innocent III excommunicated King John who seized property of bishops as revenge

1211
Pope Innocent III threatened to depose John

1213
King John reconciled to the Church, promised annual payment to the Church of 1000 marks and received Langton (on his knees)

1215
Pope Innocent III imposed restrictions on all Jews who had to wear identifying badges – Thousands of Jews killed during Crusades, Magna Carta was promulgated in England

1216
Fifth Crusade 1216-1220 - Pope Innocent III died

1226
The Pope's demand for money from English church was rejected

1228
Frederick II entered Jerusalem (the capital of the Latin kingdom) and crowned king

1228
Muslims recaptured Jerusalem

1229
Pope Gregory IX levied a tenth of all property, the barons resist - but clergy had to grant levies

1234
Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury insisted on dismissal of Peter des Roches a
guardian of young king Henry III

1237
Cardinal Otho as papal legate caused great unrest for his continuance of papal exactions

1241
The queen's uncle Boniface of Savoy was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury he was
consecrated in 1245

1244
Muslims (Muhammad) again took Jerusalem

1245
Frederick excommunicated by Pope Innocent IV at Lyons - Archbishop Langton died

1246
the Council of Lyons the English complain about 60 000 marks given each year to the
foreign (Roman) Pope

1248
Sixth Crusade 1248-1254 - Pope Innocent IV ordered inquisitions in Italy, Germany and Spain. The iniquitous Inquisition was finally abolished in Spain in (1834) Its last days were over the Period of 832-5 and presently exists as a tribunal in Rome City. It is renamed as "The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith" - It no longer uses red-hot pokers, racks and burning victims to death, even on dissenting Priests and Sisters. But, they can be made to "explain" before the "Catholic Church Tribunal" as they had to in the days of the Inquisition.

1254
The Pope with young Henry's name and credit warred in Sicily

1256
The claim to `annates' is first made in England by Pope Alexander IV and lasted for
five years

1257
Richard, Henry's brother became king of the Romans

1259 Ottoman (Osman - 1259-1326) founded an Islam dynasty
1261
Henry received absolutions from the Pope
1268
Prince Edward took the cross and went to the seventh Crusade in 1270

1290
King Edward I, beggared and expelled Jews from his country (England)
1291
Muslims capture Acre the last Christian stronghold in Palestine

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...